Sambalipuri Ikat Saree
Image Source: Odishaestore
Ikat arrived in India via Indonesia and has been warmly received by both artisans and fashionistas alike. As one example, in the western Odisha region, Sambalpuri Ikat is a common textile that has been made for decades. A rigorous regimen of tying and dying of similar threads repeatedly done until the patterns appear on the surface is followed by the procedure. Sambalpuri motifs in contrast to other Ikat designs are more defined and take on a specific shape, such as animals, flowers, Konark wheel, etc. The traditional Bichitrapuri saree contains recurrent images of deer, lions, elephants, geese, and ducks in its end panel, making it one of the oldest known designs. Former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi popularised the saree outside of Odisha by draping one. Many types of Sambalpuri saree are in demand such as the Sonepuri, Pasapali, Bomkai, Barpali, and Bapta.
Bomkai Cotton Saree
Image Source: Utkaramrita
The Odisha handloom saree known as the bomkai saree is known in the world over. It comes from the Bomkai region and is predominantly made by the Bhulia people in the Subarnapur district. Bomkai is one of India's recognized Geographical Indications. The background colors of red, black, and white are usually achieved by dying the saree. However, today's saree's come in a variety of style and colors while still maintaining their individuality. Sarees made of bomkai cotton are commonly worn on a daily basis, while silk sarees are reserved for special events like weddings and religious celebrations.
Berhampuri Patta Saree
Image Source: FabOdisha
It's hard to find another saree like the Berhampuri Silk saree because of the distinctive Odissi weaving method and Kumbha patterns, notably the phoda ones. It is believed that the weaving method has been around for more than two centuries. Sarees are also used to ornament the deities of Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra in the Jagannath temple in Puri. Cooperative societies and Boyanika are the primary outlets for these products. The Government of India has registered the Brahmapuri Patta saree under the Geographical Indications (GI) of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act.
Image Source: Isha.sadhguru
Odisha produces the traditional handloom textiles known as Habaspuri, which are made primarily of cotton. This textile's main product is the Habaspuri sari. Original credit for the weaving of the Habaspuri fabric was given to the Kondha weavers of Chicheguda in the Kalahandi region of Odisha. It has been designated as one of Odisha's 14 Geographical Indications for its distinctiveness in weaving, design, and production. Traditional designs from the region, such as Kumbha (temple), fish, and flowers, adorn the fabric. The Handlooms, Textiles, and Handlooms Department of the Government of Odisha markets sells Habaspuri sarees and other textile products made by individual weavers and groups at government-run stores.
This handloom saree is made in the Bargarh area of Odisha primarily from Pasapali silk. Pasapali derives its name from the word pas which refers to a variety of gambling games played on a chessboard. These sarees are known as chess sarees because of their checker board design which is made up of contrast colors and resembles a chessboard. Since the MAHABHARATA and RAMAYANA eras these chessboard print sarees have been worn to seem royal. Typical patterns include wheel, conch, animal, architectural and flora and fauna themes.